Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 40-46
A Corpus-based Study of the Stereotypical Construction of Sundanese People
Susi Yuliawati, Department of Linguistics, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Received: Jul. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 27, 2020;       Published: Aug. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.cls.20200603.11      View  152      Downloads  60
Abstract
This article uses corpus linguistics methods and theories to study how the Sundanese depicted as people with courteous characters in a 2.9 million-word corpus of Manglé, a Sundanese magazine, published between 1958 and 2013. The study examines the usage patterns of Sundanese words denoting ‘courtesy’ and ‘discourtesy’ in the corpus by employing a mixed-method research design. Using the corpus software WordSmith Tools, the analysis of word frequency found that the courtesy category is lexically more diverse, i.e., containing more lexical units, than the discourtesy category. Besides, the courtesy lexemes are more frequently used than the discourtesy lexemes. Based on collocation analysis, the top three most frequent words signifying courtesy, i.e., SOMÉAH ‘nice and welcome’, MARAHMAY ‘cheerful’, and DARÉHDÉH ‘pleasant and friendly’, have the semantic preference of friendliness; social actions, states, and processes; and people. On the other hand, the semantic preference of the top three most frequent words signifying discourtesy, i.e., BAEUD ‘sullen’, JAMEDUD ‘surly’, and KURAWEUD ‘surly’, is predominantly unfriendly traits. The analyses demonstrate that Sundanese people in the corpus of Manglé are constructed as a friendly community portrayed to have some personality traits such as favorable, friendly, and welcoming, particularly to visitors and strangers. The result seemingly constructs the stereotype of the Sundanese ethnic group that is commonly known among the other ethnic groups in Indonesia as respectful and friendly people.
Keywords
Collocation, Corpus Linguistics, Lexemes, Stereotype, Sundanese
To cite this article
Susi Yuliawati, A Corpus-based Study of the Stereotypical Construction of Sundanese People, Communication and Linguistics Studies. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 40-46. doi: 10.11648/j.cls.20200603.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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